Women's rights and labor reform
Pioneer of women's movement in China
Image: Wiki Commons
Hunan province, China
One of the first women to be a party of The Communist Party of China, she served as the Minister of Women’s Affairs. Jingyu is widely regarded as a pioneer of the women's movement in China. She wrote articles about problems that Chinese women faced and called for women to unite and fight for social, political, and economic rights. She worked to initiate public schools for girls and to organize working women. She founded the China Women's Federation, which gave Chinese women the start for a nation-wide movement. Jingyu was active in trying to secure workers rights and organized ten thousand female workers from silk factories to strike in 1924. She continued her activity amongst growing political turmoil. In 1927, Chiang Kai-Shek started a counter-revolution, but instead of fleeing Jingyu continued to help the workers' movement. She was arrested in 1928 and executed by Guomindang police.
McElderry, Andrea. "Woman Revolutionary: Xiang Jingyu." The China Quarterly 105 (March 1986): 95-122.