First African-American woman to win a Nobel Peace Prize
Image: Fredrick Onyango, public domain
Nyeri District, Kenya
Environmental and political activist
Maathai was a Kenyan environmental and political activist known for founding the “Green Belt Movement.” She also focused on women's rights and became the first African-American woman to receive a Nobel Peace prize in 2004 for her contributions to sustainable development, democracy and peace. She was elected a member of Parliament and served as a assistant minister for environmental and natural resources between 2003-2005.