Female pharaoh who led Egypt into a time of peace and economic prosperity
Image source: Metropolitan Museum of Art
Born 1508 BCE; died 1458 BCE. Hatshepsut reigned as the first female pharaoh during the 18th Egyptian dynasty. She ruled longer than any other woman (22 years) and was considered by her subjects to be an extremely successful ruler. As pharaoh, Hatshepsut re-established trade routes with other countries that had been disrupted by the Hyksos occupation of Egypt. She oversaw a mission to Punt where many trade goods were obtained, notably myrrh. She commissioned many buildings that were grand and architecturally impressive, such as the Temple of Karnak and the mortuary temple complex at Deir el-Bahri. Her reign was a time of peace for Egypt.
Tyldesley, Joyce. Hatchepsut: the Female Pharaoh. London: Penguin Press, 1998.
Greenblatt, Miriam. Hatshepsut and Ancient Egypt. New York: Benchmark Books, 2000.