Mary Harris "Mother" Jones

Title

Mary Harris "Mother" Jones

Subject

Labor activism

Description

Renowned labor activist who worked to improve working conditions for men and women

Creator

Amy French

Source

Image: Wiki Commons

Birth Date

1837

Birthplace

Cork, Ireland

Death Date

1930

Occupation

Labor organizer

Biographical Text

During the Industrial Revolution of the United States, women were treated as a second class of citizens and workers. They were paid approximately half the wages as men and few were organized into labor unions. Although men were paid better than women, they too suffered long hours, low wages, unsafe conditions, and a system that kept them dependent on their employers. Industrial workers had little, if any, control over work relations. "Mother" Jones, Mary Harris Jones, devoted her life to improving work conditions for men and women. After losing her husband and four children to yellow fever, Jones moved to Chicago where she ran a dressmaking business. Her husband had been an active union member and Jones threw herself into the cause. She traveled constantly—carrying everything she owned in a black shawl. A great orator, she could rally workers to the union cause. She organized workers regardless of race, gender, or age and fomented great change for workers.

Bibliography

Mother Jones and Philip Foner, ed.  Mother Jones Speaks: Speeches and Writings of a Working-Class Fighter. (Pathfinder, 1983).

AFL-CIO piece on Mother Jones: http://www.aflcio.org/About/Our-History/Key-People-in-Labor-History/Mother-Jones-1837-1930

Files

lossy-page1-418px-Mother_jones_1915.tif.jpg

Social Bookmarking

Date Added
June 12, 2014
Collection
Reform (Social or Labor)
Item Type
Person
Tags
, ,
Citation
Amy French, “Mary Harris "Mother" Jones,” Women Who Dared, accessed November 17, 2019, https://womenwhodared.omeka.net/items/show/41.